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'''Samuel Smiles''' (23 December 1812 – 16 April 1904), was a Scottish people|Scottish author and government reformer who campaigned on a Chartism|Chartist platform. But he concluded that more progress would come from new attitudes than from new laws. His masterpiece, ''Self-Help (book)|Self-Help'' (1859), promoted thrift and claimed that poverty was caused largely by irresponsible habits, while also attacking materialism and laissez-faire government. It has been called "the bible of mid-Victorian liberalism", and it raised Smiles to celebrity status almost overnight.
Birth name| birth_date = 23 December 1812
Birth placeHigh Street, Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland
Death date16 April 1904 (age 91)
Death place8 Pembroke Gardens, Kensington, London W8 6HS, England
Known forBiographies and self-help books
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